The Rationale underlying the Career Decision-Making Profile (CDMP)

Multidimensional Model


One of the most significant variables distinguishing career clients is the way they make decisions, or what is often referred to as their career decision-making (cdm) style (e.g., Harren, 1979; Johnson, 1978; Kelly & Gunn, 2007; Phillips & Pazienza, 1988; Walsh, 1987).

Most of the previous research on cdm styles has focused on classifying individuals into a few types based on their most dominant characteristics, using a rather restricted repertoire of characteristics (e.g., Arroba, 1977; Harren, 1979; Jepsen, 1974; Johnson, 1978; Sagiv, 1999). These typologies do not account for the complexity of the decision-making process or individual differences in the way it actually takes place (Shiloh, Salton, & Sharabi, 2002). The use of a dominant feature to describe an individual’s decision-making style provides a parsimonious way to characterize career clients, but it makes the description less accurate. We suggest conceptualizing the way individuals make career decisions in terms of a profile rather than a style.

We use profile instead of style for two main reasons: (i) to indicate that we are dealing with a complex, multidimensional construct rather than a single dominant trait; and (ii) because “career decision-making style” suggests that personality characteristics are of greatest significance, whereas “career decision-making profile” suggests that individuals' personality and situation both influence their decision-making behavior.


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